Use this template to help you answer the P5, P6. Write a paragraph on each explaining your findings and how each would have an impact on individuals, communities and society.
SOCIAL IMPACT OF IT ON INDIVIDUALS, COMMUNITIES AND SOCIETY
Technology has changed how we do things in everyday life. This is what is meant by technological impact.
Over the last 20 or so years technology has had an impact on social life, For example people watch less telly and spend more time going on the internet, social networks, games and messaging.
The impact of this is that people spend less time together as family because children are using Ipods and IPads (forms of technology) in their own room. As a result people talk less face to face and more on the internet.
In the past it was common for workplaces to use to use handwritten documents and keep hard copies of records but now computers are widely available and a database is used to store data.
One job that has changed as a result of technological advancement is librarian. The increasing role of technology in libraries has a significant impact on the changing roles of librarians. New technologies are dramatically increasing the accessibility of information, and librarians are adapting to the evolving needs of users that emerge from the adoption of these new technologies.
One of the most significant examples of how technology has changed the role of librarians in the last 50 years has been the move from traditional card catalogues to online public access catalogues. Librarians had to develop software for cataloguing records electronically.
With the rapid development of computers comes the problem of people not disposing of their own computer responsibly, therefore it is an legal requirements of the company you are buying a computer from to provide away of disposing your old item. There is also an increase in the use of electricity because of computers and this is bad for the environment for example: IT in general – that’s computers, servers and so forth – were calculated to be causing about 2% of global carbon dioxide emissions. That’s the same as the estimate for airplanes.
There are implications because of technology when producing original work such as music and books. For example in the past it was hard for people to steal ideas but now material can be copied from the internet. The legal impact is therefore surrounding copyright law.
“It generally takes the law some time to catch up with technology, so all too often, the answer to your question is “not much.” Few countries have appropriately updated their legislation to handle global computer networks, file sharing, etc; the US is trying to use a law from 1976, the UK from 1988, and much of the world from 1971 (the Paris Act of the Berne Convention, which itself has little change from the 1967 Stockholm Act). The US’s Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998 made a valiant attempt at updating the law to reflect current issues, but still attempts to relate new media to old media: portions of the law relating to mp3s were originally
written in 1919 in response to piano rolls. One topic lawmakers struggle with is the lack of border control on the internet. While all members of the World Trade Organization are required to have internet. While all members of the World Trade Organization are required to have the same basic copyright laws, some countries have extended protection beyond what is minimally required” (http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_has_copyright_law_changed_since_the_advent_of_the_internet_and_personal_computers#slide=1&article=How_has_the_internet_changed_copyright)
In today’s society, all aspects of our lives, from where we live, are our income, who we communicate with and even what bread we buy are all documented on a electronic database. Obviously, confidentiality is very important and all computer users must adhere to legal actions e.g data protection (1998) this act shows how to store confidential data correctly.
This is regarding the availability of high speed internet connection though out the united kingdom.
LOCAL AND NATIONAL IMPLICATIONS
Remote areas – Availability of high speed internet in rural areas such as remote areas of Scotland. It would be very expensive to connect people to main land communities due to the distance from one place to another.
Poor areas - Availability of high speed internet for communities that have a lower economic status. People with low incomes do not have that much of an available income to pay for a luxury service.
Overall cost- it must be noted that the internet is not a free service. So for everybody to be connected in the future the government need fund it or the overall cost will go higher.
The rich and poor divide is easily defined in some countries. For example in India rich and poor live closely together but there incomes are opposite to one another. This means that their government has different priorities such as not focusing on poverty and spending money in which are not necessary e.g space program. Therefore internet connection for all Indian citizens will never will be possible.
ABUSE OF IT
Unfortunately any electronic system can be open to abuse. And this abuse has become easier and harder to detect due to the internet and the vast amount of IT users.
THREATS- These include:
CYBER BULLYING- this is on the increase. Special for children and young people. Cyber bullying can be done by anybody we know and people we don’t know. Cyber bullying can be done by either mobile phones, calls , texting, social networking such a Facebook twitter, email or chat room.
The effects can devastating and can affect people in different ways depending on their age or circumstance for example skip or miss school can be the effects of showing that person is getting bullied.
There are many ways in which we can reduce this situation for example, being careful who you talk to and giving personal information out.
SPAM- This too is on the increase. This effects your email in which you can get endless amounts of advertising that appear in your inbox on the daily basis. Some of these advertisements appear to be okay or innocent but really if you click on them you could download a virus.
PHISHING: This is criminal activity that is going on all over the world.
Phishing is a process of trying to trick people to giving out personal information when otherwise they would not. This can involve emails disguised has notices from your bank or tax office. People respond by entering their details without realising they are being tricked.
If successful, the criminals will then have access to your details.
DENIAL OF SERVICE ATTACKS- This is also a criminal behaviour and criminal gangs intend to target online retailers. For example a gang could threaten a major company that relies on internet trade. The criminals will contact the company and tell them that it they do not pay a fixed amount of money they will bombard their company with high amount of traffic that will crash their website so therefore their company will not be able to trade.